Chapter 6: Urban America
Section 2: Urbanization p.222-227

Name____________________________

Main Idea:

Local and National political corruption in the 19th century led to calls for reform

Objectives:

  • explain the role of political machines and political bosses
  • describe how some politicians' greed and fraud cost taxpayers millions of dollars
  • describe the measures taken by presidents Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur to reform the spoild system

vocabulary

skyscraper

tenement

political machine

party boss

graft

incentive


trigger


Louis Sullivan


George Plunkitt

William "Boss" Tweed

 

Reading Checks:

What new technologies helped people in the late 1800s get to and from work?

 

 

Who was the "middle class"? Where did they live?

 

 

Why did political machines help city dwellers in the late 1800s?

 

Main Ideas:

What technologies made the building of skyscrapers possible?

 

How did the living conditions of the upper, middle and the working classes differ in the late 1800s?