U.S. History Midterm – Review

Chapter 5

Define: horizontal integration


Define: vertical integration


Identify: American Federation of Labor


Identify: Knights of Labor


Identify: Industrial workers of the world


What was the impact of industrial consolidation on competition between businesses in the late 1800s?


What factors contributed to the rapid growth of industry in the US in the late 19th century?


What were the purpose and provisions of the Sherman Antitrust Act?


Explain the theory of Social Darwinism and how it influenced American society.


Describe factory-working conditions in the late 1800s. Describe how workers tried to change these conditions.


Chapter 6

.    Define: urbanization


.    Define: political machine


Define: ward boss


  Define: tenement


    Define: settlement house


.    What was the goal of the Americanization movement?


.    How did political machines operate and who supported them?


    List reasons why immigrants came to America in the late 1800s.


.    What was the impact of the large wave of immigration of Southern and Eastern Europeans on the United States ?



    What was the purpose of Jim Crow Laws?


   List the type of obstacles that kept African Americans from voting in the late 19th century South.


What was the decision in the Plessy v. Ferguson court case?  Why is it important in American history?



 Define segregation


Explain the conditions of segregation in the South in the late 1800s.


How did Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois differ in their proposals to achieve racial integration?

Describe the problems in cities in the late 1800s.


Chapter 7

Define: yellow journalism

Define: imperialism


Define: dollar diplomacy


Identify the purpose of the Roosevelt Corollary.


Define: protectorate


What areas of the world did the US control as a result of the Spanish-American War?


Why did industrial growth in the late 1800s help increase American imperialism?


There will be a reading and questions on the annexation of Hawaii .


What were the advantages of building a canal in Panama ?


Explain the causes of American imperialism in the late 19th century.


Chapter 8

Identify: 16th Amendment


Identify: 17th Amendment


Identify: 18th Amendment


Identify: 19th Amendment


List the goals of the Progressive movement.


What were the goals of the NAACP?


What was the impact of the assembly line on American business and workers in the late 19th century?


What was Upton Sinclair’s purpose in writing The Jungle?


There will be a short reading and questions on the Populist Party.


Define: muckraker


Define: recall


Define: initiative


Define: referendum


Define: suffrage


There will be a short reading and questions on the suffragist movement.



Chapter 9

Define: nationalism


Define: militarism


Define: reparations


Identify the purpose of the League of Nations .


Define: armistice


What were the causes of World War I?


List the new types of weapons used in World War I?


Why did many US Senators oppose the League of Nations ?


What factors helped to push the US into World War I?


There will be a short passage and questions on the Zimmermann Note.


Why did Russia ’s withdrawal from World War I encourage many in the US to enter World War I?


What was the impact of the Espionage and Sedition Acts?


How did World War I influence the suffragist movement?


Explain the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles .  Describe which provisions most angered Germany .


Chapter 10

Define: isolationism


Define: anarchist


Define: communism


Define: flappers


Define: speculation


Who was A. Mitchell Palmer? What did he fear happening to America in the 1920s?


Describe a nativist’s opinion of the immigration quota system enacted in the US in 1921.


What did the Sacco and Vanzetti trials demonstrate about America in the 1920s?


What was the impact of the affordable automobile on the American society in the 1920s?


What was prohibition? Why was it difficult to enforce?


What was the Great Migration?


What was the significance of the Scopes trial in the 1920s?


What was the Harlem Renaissance?


What did fundamentalists dislike about American society in the 1920s?


Explain how Americans developed a new culture in the 1920s.  Be able to cite examples of the new American culture.



Chapter 11

What caused a farming crisis in the 1920s?


What were the causes of the Great Depression?

What was Herbert Hoover’s response to the Great Depression? How effect was he?


What economic system works with free enterprise and laissez-faire?


What is buying stock on margin?


What were the long-lasting effects of the Great Depression on many Americans?



Chapter 12

What were the goals of the New Deal?


Which New Deal programs have had a long-lasting impact on American economy?


Under the New Deal, what was the purpose of decreasing farm surpluses?


What was the overall unemployment rate during the Depression?


There will be a reading and questions comparing the First and Second New Deals.


Describe were the causes and the impact of the Dust Bowl?