By : Shayna Rickus

“We are Number 1”




Nationalism is the love of a country and willingness to sacrifice for it. World War I was the result of tension and aggression towards other countries which was supported by the rising nationalism of the European nations.

 Nationalism encouraged public support for military buildups and for a country's use of force to reach its goals. At the settlement of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the                                                                                                   principle of Nationalism was ignored because everyone wanted peace. Germany and Italy were left as separate states, but powerful nationalist movements and revolutions led to the joining of Italy in 1861 and Germany in 1871.

Another result of the Franco-Prussian War

of 1870-71 was that France was depressed

 over the loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany.

 Nationalism was a problem for Austria-Hungary and the Balkans, areas comprised of many conflicting national groups. The Panslavism of Serbia and Russia's willingness to support it conflicted with Austria-Hungary's Pan-Germanism.

            In the 1800’s, nationalism swept across the country and that helped World War 1 start. It took hold of people who shared the same language, history, or culture. These people viewed themselves as members of a national group. Nationalism led to the creation of two new powers which were Italy and Germany through uniting many small states. War had a huge role in achieving the unification of Italy and Germany. Opposite to that nationalism weakened the European empires of Austria-Hungary, Russia, and the Ottoman empire. Nationalism did some good and some bad but it led every country to believe they were the best.


Work cited: