Archduke of Austria-Hungary Assassinated

By: Mike Reed

 

            The heir to the Austria-Hungary throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia, and his wife Sophia was also shot.  He and his wife were riding in their car when a member of the Serbain nationalist group called The Black Hand shot him.  The assassin’s name was Gavrilo Princip.  The day after the death of the Archduke Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia.  The ultimatum demanded, among other things, that the men responsible for the death of the Archduke be turned over the Austria-Hungary government so they could be brought to trial for their crime.  The Serbain government rejected this ultimatum and one month later on June 28, 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.  This was the spark that started WWI, due to the Alliance system Germany soon had declared was on Russia, taking side with Austria-Hungary.  Then Germany would declare war on Russia’s ally France and thus WWI had begun from the assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary.