K-12 Social Studies

Academic Content Standards

The social studies content standards provide a set of clear and rigorous expectations for all students.The seven standards clearly define a balanced program of knowledge and skills necessary for active citizenship. The standards are divided into two categories:

Content Standards:History, People in Societies, Geography, Economics, Government, and Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

Process Standards:Social Studies Skills and Methods

 

 

 

Grade Ten:

U.S. Studies from 1877 to the Present:

Post Reconstruction Throughthe 20th Century

Tenth grade students continue the chronological study of the history of the Unites States with emphasis on domestic affairs. This study incorporates each of the seven standards. As students study historic eras, they consider the geographic, cultural, economic and governmental changes that have occurred. Students develop a deeper understanding of their role as citizens and continue to expand their command of social studies skills and methods.

 

 

History††† People in societies†† Geography†† Economics†† Government†† Citizen Rights and ResponsibilitiesSocial Studies Skills and Methods

 

History: Industrialization, Imperialism, 20th Century Conflict and The United States in the 20th Century

 

Industrialization

  1. Explain the effects of industrialization in the United States in the 19th century including:
    1. Changes in work and the workplace
    2. Immigration and child labor and their impact on the labor force
    3. Modernization of agriculture
    4. Urbanization;
    5. The emergence of a middle class and its impact on leisure, art, music and other aspects of culture.
  2. Analyze the impact of industrialization and the modern corporation in the Unites States on economic and political practices with emphasis on:††††††††
    1. Laissez-faire policies;
    2. Monopolies;
    3. Standard of living;
  3. Analyze the reasons for the rise and growth of labor organizations in the United States including:
    1. Unregulated working conditions;
    2. Laissez-faire policies toward big business;
    3. Violence toward supporters of organized labor.
  4. Explain the goals and outcomes of the late 19th and early 20th century reform movements of Populism and Progressivism with emphasis on:
    1. Urban reform;
    2. Conservation;
    3. Business regulation and antitrust legislation;
    4. The movement for Public schooling;
    5. The regulation of child labor.

 

Imperialism

  1. Trace the development of the United States as a world power with emphasis on:
    1. The Spanish-American War
    2. U.S. imperialism in the Far East, South Pacific, Caribbean and Central America

 

20th Century Conflict

  1. Trace the development of the United States as a world power with emphasis on:
    1. The decision to enter into World War I
    2. President Wilsonís Fourteen Points;
    3. The Treaty of Versailles;
    4. The decision of the United States not to participate in the League of Nations.
  2. Analyze the impact of U.S. participation in World War II, with on the change from isolationism to international involvement including the reaction to the attack on Pearl Harbor.
  3. Explain how the Cold War and related conflicts influenced U.S. foreign policy after 1945 with emphasis on:
    1. The Marshall Plan;
    2. Communist containment, including the Truman Doctrine, Berlin Blockade and the Cuban Missile Crisis;
    3. The Korean War and the Vietnam War.

 

The United States in the 20th Century

  1. Analyze the major political, economic and social developments of the 1920s including:
    1. The Red Scare;
    2. Womenís right to vote;
    3. African-American migrations from the South to the North;
    4. Immigration restrictions, nativism, race riots and the reemergence of the Ku Klux Klan;
    5. The Roaring Twenties and the Harlem Renaissance;
    6. Stock market speculation and the stock market crash of 1929.
  2. Analyze the causes and consequences of major political, economic and social developments of the 1930s with emphasis on:
    1. The Great Depression;
    2. The Dust Bowl
    3. The New Deal
  3. Analyze the impact of U.S. participation in World War II with emphasis on:
    1. Events on the home front to support the war effort, including industrial mobilization, women and minorities in the workforce;
    2. The internment of the Japanese-Americans.
  4. Explain major domestic developments after 1945 with emphasis on:
    1. Postwar prosperity in the United States;
    2. McCarthyism;
    3. The space race;
    4. Immigration patterns.
  5. Trace social unrest, protest and change in the United States including :
    1. Antiwar protests during the Vietnam War;
    2. The counterculture movement;
    3. The womanís liberation movement.
  6. Analyze the origins, major developments, controversies and consequences of the civil rights movement with emphasis on:
    1. Brown vs. Board of Education;
    2. Changes in goals and tactics of leading civil rights advocates and organizations;
    3. The linkages between the civil rights movement and movements to gain justice for other minority groups.

 

 

People in Societies:

 

Cultures

  1. Describe how the perspective of cultural groups helped to create political action groups such as:

a.       The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP);

b.       National Organization of Women (NOW);

c.       American Indian Movement (AIM);

d.       United Farm Workers.

  1. Analyze the perspectives that are evident in Afro-American, American Indian and Latino art, music, literature and media and how these contributions reflect and shape culture in the United States.

 

Interaction

  1. Explain how Jim Crow laws legalized discrimination based on race.
  2. Analyze the struggle for racial and gender equality and its impact on changing status of minorities since the late 19th century.

 

Diffusion

  1. Explain the effects of immigration on society in the United States:

a.       Housing patterns;

b.       Political affiliations;

c.       Education system;

d.       Language;

e.       Labor practices;

f.         Religion.

 

 

Geography:

 

Places and Regions

  1. Explain how perceptions and Characteristics of geographic regions in the United States have changed over time including:

a.       Urban areas;

b.       Wilderness;

c.       Farmland;

d.       Centers of industry and technology.

Human Environmental Interaction

  1. Describe how changes in technology, transportation and communication affect the location and patterns of economic activities and use productive resources.

 

Movement

  1. Analyze the geographic processes that contributed to changes in American society including:

a.       Industrialization and post-industrialization;

b.       Urbanization and suburbanization;

c.       Immigration.

 

 

Economics:

 

Markets

  1. Evaluate the effects of specialization, trade and interdependence on the economic system of the United States.
  2. Analyze the development and impacts of labor unions, farm organizations and business organizations on the U.S. economy.

 

Government and Economy

  1. Demonstrate how U.S. governmental policies, including taxes, antitrust legislation and environmental regulations affect the individuals and businesses.
  2. Explain the reasons for the creation of the Federal Reserve System and its importance to the economy.
  3. Analyze the impact of the Great Depression and World War II on the economy of the United States and the resulting expansion of the role of the federal government.

 

 

Government:

 

Rules and Laws

  1. Examine the U.S. Constitution as a living document by analyzing its evolution through amendments and Supreme Court decisions including:

a.       Plessy v, Ferguson;

b.       Brown v. Board of Education;

c.       Regents of the University of California v. Bakke.

  1. Explain why the 19th and 26th Amendments were enacted and how they affected individuals and groups

 

 

 

Citizen Rights and Responsibilities:

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Participation

  1. Describe the ways in which government policy has been shaped and set by the influence of political parties, interest groups, lobbyists, the media and public opinion with emphasis on:
    1. Extension of suffrage;
    2. Labor legislation;
    3. Civil rights legislation;
    4. Military policy;
    5. Environmental legislation;
    6. Business regulation;
    7. Educational policy.

 

  1. Explain how civil disobedience differs from other forms of dissent and evaluate its application and consequences including:
    1. Women's suffrage movement of the late 1800s;
    2. Civil rights movement of the 1960s;
    3. Student protests during the Vietnam War.

 

Rights and Responsibilities

  1. Explain the considerations and criteria commonly used in determining what limits should be placed on specific rights including:
    1. Clear and present danger;
    2. Compelling government interest;
    3. National security;
    4. Libel or slander;
    5. Public safety;
    6. Equal opportunity.

 

  1. Analyze instances in which the rights of individuals were restricted including:
    1. Conscientious objectors in World War I;
    2. Immigrants during the Red Scare;
    3. Intellectuals and artists during the McCarthy Era;
    4. African-Americans during the civil rights movement.

 

Social Studies Skills and Methods:

 

Thinking and Organization

  1. Determine the credibility of sources by considering the following:

a.       the qualifications and reputation of the writer;

b.       Agreement with other credible sources;

c.       Recognition of stereotypes;

d.       Accuracy and consistency of sources;

e.       The circumstances in which the author prepared the source.

  1. Critique evidence used to support a thesis.

 

Communicating Information

  1. Analyze one or more issues and present a persuasive argument to defend a position.

 

 

 

 

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